The ethnic minorities in Myanmar not only are receiving fewer educational opportunities, but also are often victimized by human trafficking and have been persecuted for a long time.
Rohingya refugee crisis is especially serious today. Rohingya are Muslim ethnic minority living mainly in Rakhine state, the west part of Myanmar.
In Myanmar, where 90% of people are Buddhist, the government does not recognize Rohingya as their citizens.
Therefore Rohingya have no citizenship, and have been suffering from severe discrimination and persecution.
In 2017, persecution intensified, triggered by the retaliation of the Myanmar army in response to the attack of Rohingya militants. Since August 2017, more than 700,000 people had escaped to Cox’s Bazaar in Bangladesh after experiencing unimaginable life threatening events such as acts of plundering, rapes, shootings, slaughters, and villages being burnt down.
In January 2018, Bangladesh army documented more than a million refugees.
On average, worldwide, refugees who have been displaced once remain refugees for 17 years.
Although UNHCR and many other organizations are still providing support activities, there is a shortage of supplies, the sanitation environment is poor, and education continues to be difficult.